Sunday, April 15, 2018

Connection Pooling Using C3P0 in Java

In this post we’ll see how to create a connection pool using C3P0 datasource. The DB we are connecting to is MySQL.

Jars needed

You need the following jars in your project’s classpath, check the versions as per your Java and DB versions.


Connection pooling using C3P0 - Java Example

In the Java example code for connection pooling using C3P0 there are two Java classes. We have a DataSource class that is a singleton class creating and returning the instance of C3P0 ComboPooledDataSource.

There is another class DSConnection where we get the instance of ComboPooledDataSource and use it to get the Connection object.

import java.beans.PropertyVetoException;
import com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource;

public class DataSource {
 private static final String DRIVER_CLASS = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";
 private static final String DB_CONNECTION_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/netjs";
 private static final String DB_USER = "root";
 private static final String DB_PWD = "admin";
 private static DataSource ds;
 private ComboPooledDataSource cpds = new ComboPooledDataSource();

 //private constructor
 private DataSource() throws PropertyVetoException{
     cpds.setDriverClass(DRIVER_CLASS); //loads the jdbc driver            
     // the settings below are optional 
     // c3p0 can work with defaults
   *Static method for getting instance.
   * @throws PropertyVetoException 
 public static DataSource getInstance() throws PropertyVetoException{
    if(ds == null){
        ds = new DataSource();
    return ds;

 public ComboPooledDataSource getCpds() {
  return cpds;

 public void setCpds(ComboPooledDataSource cpds) {
  this.cpds = cpds;

In this class, apart from setting the DB properties, we have set some of the parameters for the connection pool like setMinPoolSize() that sets the initial size of the connection pool. These many connection will immediately be created and put to connection pool, setMaxPoolSize() to set the maximum limit on the connection pool.

import java.beans.PropertyVetoException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource;

public class DSConnection {
 public static void main(String[] args) throws PropertyVetoException {
  DSConnection dsCon = new DSConnection();
  try {
  } catch (SQLException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block

  * @param connection
  * @param id
  * @throws SQLException
  * @throws PropertyVetoException 
 private void displayEmployee(int id) throws SQLException, PropertyVetoException{
  Connection connection = null; 
  String selectSQL = "Select * from employee where id = ?";
  PreparedStatement prepStmt = null;
  try {
   ComboPooledDataSource basicDS = DataSource.getInstance().getCpds();
   connection = basicDS.getConnection();
   prepStmt = connection.prepareStatement(selectSQL);
   prepStmt.setInt(1, id);
   ResultSet rs = prepStmt.executeQuery();
     System.out.println("id : " + rs.getInt("id") + " Name : " 
                   + rs.getString("name") + " Age : " + rs.getInt("age")); 
    if(prepStmt != null){
    if(connection != null){

That's all for this topic Connection Pooling Using C3P0 in Java. If you have any doubt or any suggestions to make please drop a comment. Thanks!

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